Positive Behavior Support (PBS) is a general term used to describe intervention intended to decrease maladaptive behavior of students and increase positive behaviors. The interventions based on the PBS model can be developed to address students on three different levels. The primary level of intervention addresses the behavior of all students and staff in all settings. These are the school-wide or classroom-wide intervention plans which are in place. The secondary level of interventions are designed to address the specific needs of a specialized group of students who are identified to be at-risk. These interventions many times include small group instruction which targets specific students and specific behaviors. The most intensive level of intervention is the tertiary level. These are specialized and individualized interventions designed specifically for the target student. These are also termed more familiarly as behavior intervention plans (BIP).
All interventions based on the PBS model identify target behaviors and the specific functions of those behaviors, develop comprehensive intervention plans designed to adjust the antecedents and the consequences and teach skills which will support the students in getting their goals met in a more socially appropriate manner. Tertiary interventions are the ones most commonly used with individuals with autism who are displaying disruptive behaviors, but the bigger goal should always be to ensure that all students are aware of and abide by the larger-scale intervention/prevention plans being used with all students.
For additional information about addressing individual problem behaviors check out these pages:
Tools for addressing problem behaviors